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Malta Careers at November 7, 2008 at 11:41 AM

A Curriculum Vitae (CV) is a brief document which outlines your general personal details, your relevant skills, experience and qualifications. It is used to help you sell yourself to a prospective employer by highlighting your strengths and achievements.  

The main aim of a CV is to get you an interview.

Use your CV:

  • When replying to an ad when the employer has asked for a CV.
  • For speculative applications, where you are keen to make contact with employers but where you haven?t seen any vacancy.
  • To keep for your personal reference. It can be useful to help you when completing application forms.

Types of CV:

There is no definitive CV and there are a variety of ways of presenting your CV. The three most common ones are listed below. Each has its own advantages and disadvantages. Much is written on CVs and at the end you will find a resources section referring you to useful publications and websites.

Functional

Gives an emphasis to the transferable skills and experience gained, avoiding any reliance on work in date order. Particularly useful when changing direction or when there is a range of unconnected jobs ? further details given below.

Chronological

A traditional format where work experience is organised in date order ? can be useful when staying in the same field to highlight career progression.

Targeted CVs

Aims at a specific job and highlights the skills and experience relative to the post, leaving out unnecessary information. Similar in layout to a functional CV but the key skills etc would be directed to the specific requirements of the advertised job.

Possible CV layout:

  • Personal Details i.e. Name, address, telephone number, mobile number and email address.
  • Personal Profile
  • Key Skills
  • Work History
  • Qualifications
  • Additional Information
  • References available on request

The above headings/sections can be moved around depending on what you want to emphasise first. In addition you may decide to use different headings.

Is there a difference between the CV and resume?

There is no real difference between the CV and resume. The Americans prefer to use the term resume while the European countries prefer CV, although it is generally accepted that a CV would be more detailed than the resume.

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